The impact of education reform in Romania between 1989-2020 on the regulation and decentralization of early childhood education

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37291/2717638X.202233195

Keywords:

Romanian education reforms, Education pluralism, Early childhood curriculum

Abstract

Romania inherited a tightly controlled and strictly regulated mass education system from socialism, which inevitably has gone through a systematic reform. However, transformation or change of any education system does not take place for its own sake, but it is intended to meet certain social and political challenges and requirements. Therefore, the present study investigates the significant changes that have taken place in early childhood education (ECE) in Romania since the collapse of the Ceausescu regime in 1989. Specifically, the impact of the reform measures on ECE provision is examined in relation to curriculum content and structure. Explanation of how to investigate education have been central to the present research. The analysis of documentary data corpus identified three main themes reflecting the changes that took place: (i) the introduction of education reforms, (ii) the emergence of educational pluralism, (iii) the various iterations of the early childhood curriculum. Findings suggest that decentralisation processes led to the spread of alternative pedagogies in ECE add the findings about curriculum content change our investigation offers a detailed picture of the educational processes of decentralization and the changes it has brought in the early childhood curriculum.

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Published

2022-11-19

How to Cite

Habinyak, E. (2022). The impact of education reform in Romania between 1989-2020 on the regulation and decentralization of early childhood education. Journal of Childhood, Education & Society, 3(3), 322–332. https://doi.org/10.37291/2717638X.202233195